Posts Tagged Ubuntu

How to add more memory to a Ubuntu Server with a Swap File

Types-of-Computer-MemoryIn linux Swapping is the process where memory is copied to the hard disk in space called swap space to free up physical memory. This is the same as virtual memory in linux. It is useful for two important reasons, First, when the system requires more memory than is physically available the kernel swaps out less used pages and gives memory to the current application (process) that needs the memory immediately. Second, a significant number of the pages used by an application during its startup phase may only be used for initialization and then never used again. The system can swap out those pages and free the memory for other applications or even for the disk cache.

There are two ways of setting up swap space in Linux, the most common is to set aside a swap partition when setting up the machine, the second is to set up a swap file. The later is useful if you didn’t set up a swap partition or if you’re using something like an Amazon EC2 micro instance that does not come pre-configured with a swap partition. Read the rest of this entry »

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How to safely kill rails WEBrick server running in daemon mode

Ruby on rails and the WEBrick Daemon are great for testing however there are times when you start a WEBrick server in daemon mode and later find you need to stop this without restarting the box. This can sometimes be troublesome, especially if you accidently kill a live server. In this tutorial I’ll go through ensuring you kill the correct process. Read the rest of this entry »

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Installing Ruby on Rails Ubuntu 12.04 LTS using RVM and Ruby 1.9.3

Ruby Rails is a Web application framework created in 2004 intended as a rapid development web framework that runs the Ruby programing language. The latest version of the Ruby is ‘Ruby 1.9.2‘ and was realised in August 2011, it brings many new features and bug fixeses. The most signifiant changes are Block local variables, An additional lambda syntax, Per-string character encodings are supported and a new New socket API (IPv6 support). You can find a great walkthrough of all the new features at Ruby Inside. coinciding with the release of Ruby 1.9 is the Rails 3.1 framework which requires Ruby 1.8.7 or higher. RubyonRails 3.1 brings many new features, most notably: jQuery as default, HTTP Streaming, a new assets pipeline powered by Sprockets 2.0. So this is all good stuff and I’m sure you want to be working with the latest version of Ruby and RubyonRails, especially if you setting up a new server. Read the rest of this entry »

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How To Install Ruby on Rails Ubuntu Server 11.10

Ruby Rails is a Web application framework created in 2004 intended as a rapid development web framework. It was intended to emphasize Convention over Configuration (CoC) meaning the developer only needs to specify unconventional aspects of the application. For example, if there is a class Sale in the model, the corresponding table in the database is called sales by default. It is only if one deviates from this convention, such as calling the table “products sold”, that the developer needs to write code regarding these names. It has also been designed around the “Don’t repeat yourself” principle. Both of these ways of thinking allow you, with Ruby Rails, to create excellent, dynamic websites very quickly. So to get started we need to setup a Ruby Rails development server on Ubuntu (Ubuntu 11.04, Ubuntu 11.10) Read the rest of this entry »

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Install and Configure a Ubuntu 11.04 Snort-MySQL Honeypot

An Intrusion Detection system is like a burglar alarm for your computer. It monitors you network and system activities for malicious activities or policy violations and reports to some kind of management station. This is great as it lets you know who were when & how people are trying to break into your network and knowing this is half the battle. You may be thinking that this isn’t enough and you want to block all hacks from happening, well most IDS systems include some “Network Intrusion Prevention” features. However the main concern should be closing up vulnerabilities rather than blocking someone already trying to hack your systems, after all it’s a bit late if they are already in your system, and this way you may accedently block innocent users.
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Installing and Configuring Nagios Ubuntu 11.04

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Nagios is the Industry Standard Network Monitoring Engine. OK great so what’s that mean, well Nagios is a server that monitors your hosts and services and will inform you if something goes wrong and when it is fixed again. It can monitor network services, host resources and even network probes such as temperature and moisture.

These features as well as many more make Nagios, by far, the most complete open-source Network Monitoring tool on the market, however with all these features comes complexity and Nagios has obviously been designed with the experienced Network Administrator in mind. But don’t worry too much, its not that difficult to learn as long as you take it one step at a time, and in today’s tutorial we’re going to look at the first step, actually getting it installed Read the rest of this entry »

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CPU Limit Ubuntu Server 11.04 Command Line

I’ve was encrypting some files the other day with GPG and found that while the encryption was taking place my computer ground to a halt because GPG was taking up all of my CPU. Normally I wouldn’t mind this as I would just setup a few jobs and go make a cup of tea. Then I though what would happen if I run my encryption jobs on a webserver, well it grinds to a halt. So how do we run encryption jobs on our servers without affecting users, Read the rest of this entry »

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Setting up FTP for your website Ubuntu 11.04

File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used to transfer files from one host to another over a TCP-based network, such as the Internet. Its most common use is uploading your website files to your webserver, allowing you to develop your website, upload it via FTP then refresh the page to see the updated page. If you’re setting up your own webservers its essential you have some way of uploading files and the best way to do this is with FTP. First you need to setup and configure an ftp server on your webserver, in this tutorial we are going to be using ProFTP. ProFTPD is a proven, high-performance and scalable FTP server, with a focus toward simplicity, security, and ease of configuration. Read the rest of this entry »

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Adding Swap to any EC2 Instance

Custom Swap IconHave you every worried about your EC2 instance running out of memory, especially when you’re running a EC2 Micro instance witch only comes with a total of 613MB of memory. Well If you’re planning on running anything other then a basic web page you may run out of RAM can cause all sorts of problems, mainly it will cause your instance to crash. Well there is a tried an tested method to get around this called paging or swap space. Read the rest of this entry »

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Ubuntu grub wont find Windows 7

Ubuntu 11.04So I recently upgraded my Ubuntu instillation to 11.04 and I will admit that at first I didn’t like it, however I’m always upset when people don’t like something just because it changes so I stuck with it for a few hours and I have to say i have grown fond of the unity interface. However after a while I wanted to boot into windows 7 and play some games, the problem was that grub hadn’t found the windows partition. So I had a browse around the internet and found several solutions to fix this problem. Read the rest of this entry »

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